Picking the perfect diamond is not determined on what your friends like, its not decided by a piece of paper or popular opinion, no, the perfect diamond is decided by the person doing the deciding and the wearing, and it’s up to our experts to guide you through that process, and help you find out what you like. No two diamonds are alike, and you have the right as the client to look and hold, and decide your diamond is beautiful before you buy it.
Diamonds are assessed by the human eye against four categories to help people figure how to classify them.
A diamond’s weight is measured in Carats. Carats are a small unit of measurement for weight (5 carats to one gram) and are used for diamonds so that measurements and separating diamonds can be more precise. Tenths (.01) of a carat are usually referred to as points, so 100 points means 1 carat, 50 points means ½ carat, and so on.
Since diamonds come from the earth naturally, other materials often get trapped inside, or the diamonds crystal gets fractures while in the earth’s crust. Non-diamond materials, and microfractures found inside the diamond crystal are called inclusions. The amount of inclusions are observed under a 10X magnification loupe (small, jewelers magnifying glass) or microscope, and then graded against a scale to label the amount of inclusions.
It Should be noted the GIA clarity scale grading does not include the nature of the inclusions, if they are dark carbon or mineral inclusions, crystal inclusions, feather inclusions etc. How the inclusions look, and where they are located in the diamond affect the beauty of the diamond, but are not reported in the scale. Only the amount present is reported.
Very Very Small Inclusions
Very Small Inclusions
The color of a diamond ranges on a scale from D all the way to Z, and this measures the intensity of the presence of color, D being colorless, and Z having a higher presence of color. The 23 color gradations in between help to classify how the diamond looks, though each diamond will look different in under various lighting conditions.
As the only part of the process that humans have control of, the cut is extremely important as to how beautiful the diamond can be, and how much fire it can release. Technology has helped expedite the process but it is buy-in-large still done by hand. As with any art form, diamond cutters can be better, and more masterful than others at placing facets on a million-year-old piece of nature’s rarest and hardest materiel.
How those facets are placed, and the proportions of the depth, diameter, and how the top facet, all relate give the diamond the best chance to be brilliant and beautiful.